Saturday 13th August 2022

Paul V. Braun | Materials Science & Engineering


Paul V. Braun
Paul V. Braun


Paul V. Braun

Professor and Grainger Distinguished Chair in Engineering; Director of Materials Research Laboratory


(217) 244-7293

2015 Seitz Materials Research Lab

For more information

Major Consulting Activities

  • Xerion Advanced Battery Corporation, Kettering, OH
  • 3M Corporation, St. Paul, MN
  • Autonomic Materials, Inc., Champaign, IL
  • UT Dots Inc., Champaign, IL

Professional Highlights

  • Following a postdoctoral appointment at Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies, he joined the faculty of the University of Illinois in 1999. Prof. Braun has co-authored a book, about 300 peer-reviewed publications, been awarded multiple patents, and has co-founded three companies. He is the recipient of the Illinois MatSE Young Alumnus Award (2011), the Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel Research Award of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (2010), the Stanley H. Pierce Faculty Award (2010), the 2002 Robert Lansing Hardy Award from TMS, a Beckman Young Investigator Award (2001), a 3M Nontenured Faculty Award (2001), the Xerox Award for Faculty Research (2004, 2009), and multiple teaching awards. In 2006, he was named a University Scholar by the University of Illinois, in 2011 was named the Ivan Racheff Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, and in 2020 was named a Grainger Distinguished Chair in Engineering. Prof. Braun has served on the editorial advisory boards of multiple journals. He was a member of the 2010-2011 DARPA Defense Science Study Group, and the 2015-2017 National Academies Technical Advisory Board for the US Army Research Laboratory. In 2018 Prof. Braun was elected a Fellow of the Materials Research Society.
  • Prof. Paul V. Braun is the Director of the Materials Research Laboratory, the Grainger Distinguished Chair in Engineering, and Professor of Materials Science and Engineering. He also has a co-appointment as a Professor in Chemistry and is affiliated with the Department of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering and the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. The Braun group focuses on the synthesis of materials with carefully crafted 3D nano- and mesoscale architectures which lead to emergence of new optical, electrochemical, and thermal functionalities. Recent priority research areas include materials for energy storage, advanced optics, chemical sensing, and the control of heat. Prof. Braun received his B.S. degree with distinction from Cornell University, and his Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from the University of Illinois.

Research Statement

The Braun group focuses on new functional materials for energy storage and solar energy harvesting, in particular on the synthesis of materials with carefully crafted 3D nano- and mesoscale architectures which lead to emergence of new optical, electrochemical, and thermal functionalities. The group also has considerable research interests in self-healing materials and materials for chemical sensing.

Research Topics

Selected Articles in Journals

  • C.R. Ocier, C.A. Richards, D.A. Bacon-Brown, Q. Ding, R. Kumar, T.J. Garcia, J. van de Groep, J.-H. Song, A.J. Cyphersmith, A. Rhode, A.N. Perry, A.J. Littlefield, J. Zhu, D. Xie, H. Gao, J.F. Messinger, M.L. Brongersma, K.C. Toussaint Jr., L.L. Goddard, and P.V. Braun, Direct laser writing of volumetric gradient index lenses and waveguides, Light: Science & Applications 9, 196 (2020). DOI: 10.1038/s41377-020-00431-3
  • J.H. Park, C.H. Lee, J.-M. Ju, J.-H. Lee, D. Yim, C. Choi, P.V. Braun, S.U. Lee and J.H. Kim, Molecular Engineering of Nanostructures and Activities on Bifunctional Oxygen Electrocatalysts for Zinc-Air Batteries, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 270, 118869 (2020). DOI: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2020.118869
  • A.M. Abdullah, X. Li, P.V. Braun, J.A. Rogers, and K.J. Hsia, Kirigami Inspired Self-assembly of 3D Structures, Advanced Functional Materials, 30, 190988 (2020). DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201909888
  • C.R. Ocier, C.A. Richards, D.A. Bacon-Brown, N.A. Krueger, M.K. Clawson, J.A.N.T. Soares and P.V. Braun, Optically anisotropic porous silicon microlenses with tunable refractive indexes and birefringence profiles, Optical Materials Express, 10, 4, 868-883 (2020). DOI: 10.1364/OME.385013
  • S.B. Kim, J. Koo, J. Yoon, A. Hourlier-Fargette, B. Lee, S.L. Chen, S. Jo, J. Choi, Y.S. Oh, G. Lee, S.M. Won, A.J. Aranyosi, S.P. Lee, J.B. Model, P.V. Braun, R. Ghaffari, C. Park, and J.A. Rogers, Soft, skin-interfaced microfluidic systems with integrated enzymatic assays for measuring the concentration of ammonia and ethanol in sweat, Lab on a Chip, 20, 84-92 (2020). DOI: 10.1039/C9LC01045A
  • T. Yang, J.G. Kang, P.B. Weisensee, B. Kwon, P.V. Braun, N. Miljkovic, and W.P. King, A Composite Phase Change Material Thermal Buffer Based on Porous Metal Foam and Low-Melting-Temperature Metal Alloy, Applied Physics Letters, 116, 7 (2020). DOI: 10.1063/1.5135568
  • W. Huang, Z. Yang, M. Kraman, Q. Wang, Z. Ou, M.M. Rojo, A. S. Yalamarthy, V. Chen, F. Lian, J.H. Ni, S. Liu, H. Yu, L. Sang, J. Michaels, D.J. Sievers, J.G. Eden, P.V. Braun, Q. Chen, S. Gong, D.G. Senesky, E. Pop, and X. Li, Monolithic mtesla-level magnetic induction by self-rolled-up membrane technology, Science Advances, 6, 3, eaay4508 (2020). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aay4508
  • A.A. Kulkarni, E. Hanson, R. Zhang, K. Thornton, and P.V. Braun, Archimedean lattices emerge in template-directed eutectic solidification, Nature, 577, 355-358 (2020). DOE 10.1038/s41586-019-1893-9
  • P.P. Sun, R. Zhang, W. Chen, P.V. Braun and J.G. Eden, Dynamic Plasma/Metal/Dielectric Photonic Crystals in the mm-Wave Region: Electromagnetically-Active Artificial Material for Wireless Communications and Sensors, Applied Physics Reviews, 6, 041406 (2019). DOI: 10.1063/1.5120037
  • Z. Ou, A. Kim, W. Huang, P.V. Braun, X. Li, and Q. Chen, Reconfigurable nanoscale soft materials, Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science, 23, 1, 41-49 (2019). DOI: 10.1016/j.cossms.2018.12.002
  • P. Shetty, S.S. Daryadel, B.T. Haire, Z.R. Tucker, T. Wu, V. Subramani, J.J. Morrison, P. Quayle, S. Yeates, P.V. Braun and J.A. Krogstad, Low-temperature Pack Aluminization Process on Pipeline Steel to Inhibit Asphaltene Deposition, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 11, 47596-47605 (2019). DOI: 10.1021/acsami.9b17430
  • Z. Li, X. Zhan, W. Zhu, S. Qi and P.V. Braun, Carbon-free, High-capacity, and Long Cycle Nanowires/Metallic 1T MoS2 Composite Lithium-ion Battery Anodes, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 11, 44593-44600 (2019). DOI: 10.1021/acsami.9b15543
  • T. Yang, T. Foulkes, B. Kwon, J.G. Kang, P.V. Braun, W.P. King and N. Miljkovic, An Integrated Liquid Metal Thermal Switch for Active Thermal Management of Electronics, Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, 9, 12, 2341-2351 (2019). DOI: 10.1109/TCPMT. 2019.2930089
  • S. Zhang, C. Zhang, H. Chen, S.J. Kieffer, F. Neubrech, H. Giessen, A.G. Alleyne and P.V. Braun, Selective Autonomous Molecular Transport and Collection by Hydrogel-embedded Supramolecular Chemical Gradients, Angewandte Chemie, 58, 1-7 (2019). DOI: 10 .1002/anie.201908647 (cover)
  • W.M. Jones, R. Zhang, E. Murty, X. Zhu, Y. Yao, H. Manohara, P.V. Braun and L.C. Montemayor, Field Emitters Using Inverse Opal Structures, Advanced Functional Materials, 29, 1808571 (2019). DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201808571
  • S. Kim, J. Choiu, S.-M. Bak, L. Sang, Q. Li, A. Patra,and P.V. Braun, Reversible Conversion Reactions and Small First Cycle Irreversible Capacity Loss in Metal Sulfide‐Based Electrodes Enabled by Solid Electrolytes, Advanced Functional Materials, 29, 1901719 (2019). DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201901719
  • S. Kim, S. Qu, R. Zhang and P.V. Braun, High Volumetric and Gravimetric Capacity Electrodeposited Mesostructured Sb2O3 Sodium Ion Battery Anodes, Small, 15, 1900258 (2019). DOI: 10.1002/smll.201900258
  • Z. Zheng, B. Chen, N. Fritz, Y. Gurumukhi, J. Cook, M.N. Ates, N. Miljkovic, P.V. Braun and P. Wang, Lithiation Induced Stress Concentration for 3D Metal Scaffold Structured Silicon Anodes, Journal of Electrochmical Society, 166, A2083-A2090 (2019). DOI: 10.1149/2.1031910jes
  • W. Chen, X. Zhan, B. Luo, Z. Ou, P.-C. Shih, L. Yao, S. Pidaparthy, A. Patra, H. An, P.V. Braun, R. Stephens, H. Yang, J.-M. Zuo and Q. Chen, Effects of Particle Size on Mg2+ Ion Intercalation into λ-MnO2 Cathode Materials, Nano Letters, 19,…


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